TQM: 3 Principles of Total Quality Management

Some of the principles of total quality management are (i) Customer satisfaction. (ii) Employee involvement. and (iii) Continuous improvements in quality.

(i) Customer satisfaction:

TQM’s basic focus is on a customer and his satisfaction. Some of the customer perceptions of quality that correlates with customer’s satisfaction are expected quality, satisfying quality, delightful quality, indifferent quality and worst quality must aim at to preventing customer dissatisfaction and also to meet customer’s expectations.

(ii) Employee Involvement:

Employee involvement is very important in achieving and sustaining high levels of quality. Employees must be encouraged and involved to participate in quality-management by using control tools and techniques and identifying the areas needing improvement. Training and motivation of employees are essential for achieving and sustaining high levels of quality.

(iii) Continuous improvements in quality:

Continuous improvement in quality is a never ending process. The manufacturer must specify quality attributes of the product or service very carefully and try his best to achieve these specifications. The management should focus on identifying and eliminating causes of poor quality. Quality should be made the responsibility of everyone in the organisation.

Besides the above mentioned three principles of Total Quality Management.

The following seven principles have been suggested by Gerald F. Smith, in his book ‘Quality Problem Solving’. These are:

(i) Strive the quality in all things.

(ii) The customer is the criterion of quality.

(iii) Improve the process or system by which products are produced.

(iv) Quality improvement is continuous and never ending activity.

(v) Workers, involvement is essential.

(vi) Ground decisions and actions in knowledge.

(vii) Encourage team work and co-operation.

Submitted by : Professor Charu, Category : Total Quality Management, Tag : TQM