Category: Tribes

8 Ways through which the Tribals Acquire their Mates

The tribes in India have a variety of ways of acquiring mates. Since the tribals consider their marriage, more or less, as a social and civil contract, many tribes do not perform religious ceremonies for the solemnization of marriage. Majumdar has listed the following eight ways through which the tribals acquire their mates. 1. …...

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Classification of Indian Tribals (4 Types)

K.L. Bhowmick has classified the Indian tribals on the basis of: (a) Geographical distribution, (b) Linguistic affiliation (c) Physical features and racial affinity and (d) Economy. (a) On the basis of geographical distribution: The Indian tribals may be classified into the following regional groups: (i) North-eastern Zone: This geographical locality takes into …...

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Tribal Development in India

The Dictionary of Sociology defines tribe as a “social group, usually with a definite area, dialect, cultural homogeneity and unifying social organisation. The term ‘tribe’ has a Latin root. It has carried different connotations in different countries. For the Greeks the word meant fraternities, for the Romans it meant political divisions and the Irish …...

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Six Main Problems Faced by the Indian Tribes

In general, the problems of the Indian tribes can be discussed under the following heads: 1. Loss of Control over Natural Resources: Before the coming of the British, the tribals enjoyed unhindered rights of ownership and management over natural resources like land, forests, wildlife, water, soil, fish, etc. With the advent of industrialisation in …...

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Pattern of Distribution of the Tribal Groups in India

The notion of a tribe (‘scheduled tribe’ in official terminology) in India is determined primarily by the political and administrative consideration of uplifting a section of the Indian people which has been relatively remotely situated in the hills and forests and which is backward in terms of the indices of development. These tribes constitute …...

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3 Tire Planning of Tribal Sub-Plan: Micro, Meso, Macro

3 Tire Planning of Tribal Sub-Plan are: 1. Micro Levels 2. Meso Level 3. Macro Level. 1. Prevention of exploitation. 2. Development of economy by improvement of agriculture, comprehensive land reforms, soil conservation, afforestation, irrigation facilities etc. 3. Employment generation in allied activities like horticulture, animal husbandry and cottage industry. 4. Improving the …...

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6 Characteristics of Tribal Population and Two-Pronged Strategy for Developing Countries

Read this article to learn about the tribal population and two-pronged strategy for developing countries: 1. Their roots in the soil date back to a very early period. 2. They live in relative isolation in hills and forests. 3. Their sense of history is shallow, in the sense that after some generations the …...

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3 Features of Modus Operandi of Tribal Sub-Plan and Suggestions for Improvement

3 Features of modus operandi of Tribal Sub-Plan and suggestions for improvement  are : 1. Integrated Tribal Development Project (ITDP) 2. Modified Area Development Agency (MADA) 3. Primitive Tribal Groups. 1. Integrated Tribal Development Project (ITDP): These number 193 at present, and include blocks and districts with more than 50 per cent of population …...

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Tribal Sub-Plan Approach (TSP): Objectives, Contents and TSP Sough

The TSP approach marked an important change of emphasis from ad hoc and disjointed efforts to comprehensive, well- knit and integrated programmes for special development of specific areas. The TSP strategy involves in a single programme of development the financial aspects, physical planning and administrative considerations of the government, semi-government and voluntary agencies. Immediate …...

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11 Measures Regarding Tribal Development in India

The chief measures regarding tribal development are as follows: 1. Constitutional Provisions and Safeguards: The Constitution of India provides for the special provisions relating to Scheduled Tribes. Article 342 lays down that the President may by public notification, specify the tribes or tribal communities or part of or groups within tribes or tribal communities …...

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