Category: Knowledge

What is the difference between Parole and Indeterminate Sentence?

Difference between Parole and Indeterminate Sentence: Parole is closely linked with the system of indeterminate sentence under which instead of being compelled to serve a definite term of sentence, the offender is sentenced to a minimum and a maximum period of sentence and after he has finished the minimum term, usually one-third of the maximum …...

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What is the difference between Parole and Furlough?

The difference between Parole and Furlough: Undoubtedly, parole and furlough are parts of the penal and prison system for humanising prison administration but the two have different purposes. Furlough is a matter of right but parole is not. Furlough is to be granted to the prisoner periodically irrespective of any particular reason merely to enable …...

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Scope of Probation under Section 360 of Cr. P.C. and Probation of Offenders Act compared

Scope of Probation under Section 360 of Cr. P.C. and Probation of Offenders Act compared ! Unfortunately, the provision of Section 360 of the Code of Criminal Procedure, 1973, being rigid, permits no discretion whereas there is always a need to investigate in each case whether probation will suit to the requirements of the delinquent …...

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4 Most Important Fundamentals of GATT

The 4 Most Important Fundamentals of the GATT are listed below: 1. Most Favoured Nation Status: A GATT Member must extend to all other contracting parties of the GATT the most favourable treatment with respect to tariffs and related matters granted to any trading partner. This non-discriminatory treatment ensures that any tariff reduction or other …...

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How does the Environment influence in Determination of Sex in Bonellia?

In certain cases environmental factors rather than chromosomes are known to influence sex as is seen in marine worm Bonellia, molluscs (Crepidula), daphnids,rotifers, aphids etc. The mechanism of sex determination in Bonellia has been studied by Baltzer. The male and female individuals are strikingly dimorphic. The female worm is leaf like and several centimeters long. …...

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Short Essay on Sex Linked Inheritance

The laws of inheritance as propounded by Mendel indicate that reciprocal crosses always yield the same result in hermaphrodite individuals. In other words in a cross between tall and dwarf plants the resultant offspring would be tall irrespective of the fact whether tall parent is male or female. This means that tallness or dwarfness are …...

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Essay on the Ancient Beliefs Regarding the Sex Determination

Ancient men emphasized on the extraneous factors as deciding the sex of the new born rather than any inherent potentiality of the individual According to Conway Zirkle (1951) the most distinguished genetic historian; there were three fantastic beliefs among ancient people regarding sex determination. According to this, the two testicles of man are more than …...

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Short Essay on the “Hormonal Theory” of Sex Differentiation

In animals hormones secreted by the endocrine glands produce a wide range of body reactions. These however do not determine the sex but rather influence in the proper functioning of sex. For instance lack of proper hormones may render an individual sterile even though the individual may be structurally either male or female. Hormones control …...

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Short Essay on Sex Determination Among the Animals

In a large majority of higher organisms (especially among animals), the most striking difference between the individuals of same species from the point of view of reproduction is sex. The individuals differ in their mode of producing gametes. Some individuals produce less number of generally non motile gametes (egg) while others produce a large number …...

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Sexual Harassment of Women at Work Place (Supreme Court Judgment)

Judgment by the Supreme Court of India May 2004 In Sakshi Vs Union of India and Others In the Landmark case of Vishaka and others versus State of Rajasthan (AIR 1997 Supreme Court 3011). The Supreme Court has issued extensive guidelines to ensure prevention of sexual harassment of women at their work place. These directions …...

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