"All Long Marches begin with Small Steps" | History

All long marches begin with small steps!

No revolution ever in history of human civi­lization has happened out of vacuum but is rather a gradual and continuous process.

For any revolution to occur the background is prepared by the various socio-economic-political tyrannies under which people suffer and accumulate explosive amount of dissatisfaction which just requires a small incidence to precipitate it out. This is true about every revolu­tions starting from American Revolution to French revolution to Communist revolution of China under Mao Zedong.

Long marches

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If we look at the causes of the revolution of Russia, we find that it was the result of contradiction of Russian society which was prevailing in Russia at that time. Russian society was highly divided into haves and haves not. The peasantry and the workers were living the life of misery and deprivations where as the elite class of society was enjoying the luxury of life.

The Czarist regime was corrupt and authoritative favoring the elite class. This led to first labour class or Prole­tariat class revolution of world in Russia which abol­ished The Czarist regime and established the first gov­ernment of proletariat.

This is also true in case of Chinese revolu­tion. This revolution was the outcome of already existing strangling situations in China. Besides, Russian revolution also influenced this revolution.

Above all, the able leadership of Mao Zedong gave it a true direction. He molded this communist revo­lution according to the Chinese circumstances. His success lies in that he was able to organize the downtrodden sections of society like workers, poor, villagers, peasants etc.

It was very difficult for communist to maintain their hold on Kiangsi province and nearby regions due to severe repres­sions being carried out by Chiang Kai Shake. So to save themselves from the oppressions of nation­alists, Mao ordered his comrades to shift to the Shansi province.

In between China was attacked by Japan which was a start of a long battle. Chiang Kai Shake took Communist as bigger threat than Japanese and used all his power against Commu­nist than to Japanese. So Communists considered it better to shift to the north province of Shensi than to waste their energy against nationalists so that they can organize their power. The great march from Kiangsi to Shensi is known as Long March in History.

This Long March started on 16 March 1934 and lasted after one year on 20th October 1935. This required a journey of roughly 8000 miles. On October 16, 1934, 100,000 soldiers of the Red Army forced their way through the Nationalist blockade surrounding their base and began their walk to­ward Shensi. The soldiers walked for nearly an entire year, averaging between 17 and 26 miles a day. During the course of their journey, soldiers of the Red Army crossed 24 rivers, 11 provinces, and 18 mountain ranges, some at an altitude of 16,000 feet or more.

In addition to the barriers of nature, the mostly unarmed soldiers of the Red Army were repeatedly involved in battles and skirmishes with Nationalist troops as they progressed toward their destination. Of the 100,000 soldiers that left Kiangsi, only 30,000 survived to finally reach their new base at Shensi in October 1935. The Long March is considered one of the great turn­ing points in the history of the Chinese Communist Party.

The March itself became legendary, and its sur­vivors were given credit for having accomplished one of the greatest human feats in the entire duration of the Chinese Communist Revolution. The Long March is also extremely significant in that during its course, Mao Tse-tung was officially given leadership of the Chinese Communist Party. Under his leadership and command Communist party started its preparation for the next fight with nationalists.

In this way, Mao-Tse Tung organized the villag­ers, peasants and workers under his able command and with their power, later, established Peoples Re­public of China in 1949 expelling nationalists from mainland China.

Submitted by : Professor Roman, Category : History, Tag : Proverbs