Ten necessary conditions for making trade unions more effective are as follows: i. Compulsory Membership ii. Strong Economic Base iii. Freedom from External Pressures iv. Spirit of Unity v. Capable Leadership vi. Practical Outlook vii. Democratic Outlook viii. Constructive Outlook ix. Freedom from Politics x. Aims of Welfare.
A trade union is based on its organizational strength. The trade union should possess maximum membership in order to consolidate itself as an organization. In order to make trade unions effective instruments of labor welfare, it is important that all the workers should become its members compulsorily. A nominal membership will not be working in this area. To make a trade union more effective, all the workers should be actively associated with the work of the trade union.
For a successful functioning of the trade union, it not only needs members but also a strong monetary base. The trade unions need large funds to support their members in times of emergency such as strikes and lockouts. The trade unions do not have special means of collecting funds. So, it is necessary that all the members contribute regularly for their working. However, the membership fee differs from one firm to another taking various other factors into consideration.
Trade unions should function as independent organizations. They should be free from any external pressure or control. Various political parties do try to influence the trade unions, as they are more concerned about their selfish ends rather than the workers’ welfare.
iv. Spirit of Unity:
A trade union is based on the spirit of unity and sacrifice among its members. Trade unions are able to function only on the strength of unity. For solving any problem, unity among the members of the trade union is very important.
Capable and efficient leaders are required for the successful working of the trade unions. A person who is dedicated and thinks about the welfare of the workers should lead a trade union. Few trade unions are quite selfish and use the workers for their own selfish ends.
Thus, it is very important that the leadership of the trade unions should be given to those who are genuine and selfless and interested in the welfare of the workers. The leader of the trade union should himself be a worker, because only a worker can understand the problems of the workers.
The main aim of the trade unions is to look after the interests of the labor and promote their social and economic welfare. These aims can only be achieved in the context of industrial prosperity. Therefore, it is important to consider the economic and monetary conditions off the industry in order to achieve the social and economic well-being of the workers.
In this context, it is necessary that a trade union should adopt a practical attitude to all the problems and act only if the problem is practical and if there is a possibility to meet the actual conditions. Unreasonable demands will create conflicts and disharmony.
The democratic structure in a trade union contributes to its successful working. By democratic structure we mean that the opinion of each and every member should be taken into account. While exercising the privilege of vote in trade union affairs, the member develops a sense of dignity and makes a mark of his importance. This helps to keep up his morale and loyalty. It is always preferred that the workers themselves should choose the leaders of the trade unions democratically.
The trade unions should adopt a constructive attitude in order to achieve their goals. The workers should not think their bosses as enemies but instead try to settle their problems by mutual consultation. Few trade unions try to poison the minds of workers against the employers and try to instigate them to violence. This kind of negative attitude will not work out. Trade unions should adopt a policy, which is beneficial for both the employees and the employers.
Political interference greatly undermines the importance of trade unions. Sometimes, the union leaders forget their main aims and indulge in politics. These kinds of leaders do not benefit the workers rather harm their interests.
The primary aim of any trade union should be the welfare of the workers. The trade unions should refrain from all such activities, which act as constraints to the welfare of the workers.