10 Major Differences between Competition and Conflict

Some of the important differences between competition and conflict are as follows:

Although competition and conflict are the disintegrative or dissociative social processes, we find difference in their nature, types and functions. So these two social processes should not be confused with each other. The distinction between these two may be indicated in the following points.

Competition and Conflict

Image Courtesy : upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/d/d9/Competition.jpg


1. Competition is continuous. It can never end. So it is called a never ending social process.

2. Competition is an impersonal process. The competing individuals do not have per­sonal contact what-so-ever.

3. Competition is an unconscious Process because the individuals or the groups are not aware of it. Their attention is mainly fixed on the object of competition. i.e. a reward or a prize.

4. Competition is a peaceful and non-violent process. There is absence of coercion or violence.

5. In competition all the competitors derive benefit from it.

6. Competition, when becomes rigorous, results in conflict.

7. Competition and co-operation can go together simultaneously Competition does not stand in the way of co-operation and vice-versa.

8. Competition encourages hard work.

9. Competition observes social laws.

10. Competition is productive.


1. Conflict lacks continuity. It is an intermittent social process.lt takes place suddenly and comes to an end quickly. It is an ever-ending social process.

2. Conflict is a personal process. The conflicting parties know each other personally and try to defeat the opponent.

3. Conflict is a conscious process. Because the parties involves in conflict are aware of it and make deliberate efforts to reach the goal which takes place on a conscious level.

4. Conflict is generally a violent process as people engaged in conflict use violent methods.

5. In conflict people suffer heavy losses.

6. Competition when becomes personalized, leads to conflict.

7. It is conflict, which puts brakes on co-operation for a short period.

8. Conflict discourages efforts.

9. Conflict disregards social laws.

10. Conflict is non-productive.

Submitted by : Dr. Everett, Category : Difference, Tag : Difference Between Articles