Important points made by the Indian ambassador, Mr. Azim Hussain on the N.P.T. Nuclear Colonialism are as follows:
When the Nuclear Non-Proliferation Treaty (NPT) was sponsored by the USA, the USSR and the UK in 1968, India felt that it was flawed very seriously, it did not really aim at bringing about non-proliferation of nuclear weapons and, therefore, it did not accede to the treaty. At that stage the Indian ambassador, Mr. Azim Hussain, made the following points:
(1) The treaty did ensure the non-proliferation of nuclear weapons but only stopped the dissemination of weapons to non-nuclear states, without imposing any curbs on the continued manufacture, stockpiling and sophistication of nuclear weapons by the existing nuclear weapon states.
(2) The treaty did not do away with the special status of superiority conferred on those powers which possessed nuclear weapons.
(3) The treaty did not provide for a balance of obligations and responsibility between the nuclear weapon states and non-nuclear weapon states. While all the obligations were imposed on non-nuclear weapon states, the nuclear weapon states had not accepted any.
(4) The treaty did not constitute a step-by-step-approach towards nuclear disarmament.
(5) The treaty did not prohibit one nuclear weapon state from assisting another nuclear weapon state by providing technical aid.
(6) The long period of a quarter of a century provided in the treaty would appear to endorse and legitimise the present state of affairs and legalise, if not encourage, an unrestricted vertical proliferation by the present nuclear weapon powers.
(7) The treaty did not create a judicial obligation in regard to the cessation of the nuclear arms race at an early date.
(8) The treaty imparted a false sense of security to the world.
(9) It was discriminatory in regard to the safeguard and controls which were all imposed on the nuclear weapon states.
(10) The security assurance to the non-nuclear weapon states could not be a quid pro quo for the acceptance of the treaty. This must be obligatory for the nuclear weapon states.